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Cartago, Costa Rica.

Cartago was founded in 1563 by Juan Vasquez de Coronado, it was the first successful establishment in Costa Rica. Figure 1 Basílica de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles Many people come to Cartago annually, to visit the nation’s principal church, the enormous Basílica de los Ángeles, on the feast day of the Virgin of the Angels on August […]

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Santa Rosa, the 14 minutes battle.

On March 20, 1856, some 400 mercenaries from the U.S., Germany and France arrived at Hacienda Santa Rosa in northwest Guanacaste. Figure 1 William Walker On March 1, Costa Rica declared war on the new regime in Nicaragua, now run by a thin 32-year-old born in Nashville, Wlliam Walker. The Costa Rican battle plan was simple, […]

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Cocos island national park.

This beautiful place was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997. Figure 1 Cocos island The national park was created in 1978 to protect the unique ecological diversity and habitats that the site provides for marine wildlife, including pelagic species such as sharks. Figure 2 Informative sign at the national park (2019). Isla […]

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The coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Costa Rica is beautiful and elaborate, it was created in 1848 and includes seven stars representing the seven provinces of Costa Rica: Guanacaste, Puntarenas, Heredia, Alajuela, Limón, San José and Cartago. Figure 1 The coat of arms of Costa Rica We can also see three volcano peaks, the Pacific Ocean […]

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The Flag of Costa Rica.

Costa Rica was part of the Federal Republic of Central America until it had unofficially dissolved by 1841. The blue, white and red horizontal stripes was it officially adopted in 1906 as the official flag of Costa Rica. The flag seen with the national shield displayed on the red stripe is called “Pabellón”. Figure 1 […]

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The Tradition of Oxcarts in Costa Rica.

The Spanish colonizers brought the oxcarts to Costa Rica to be used on transportation and farm work, since 1840 oxcarts were used to transport coffee beans, sugar cane, corn and other goods from Costa Rica’s Central Valley over the mountains to the Pacific Coast port of Puntarenas or the Caribbean port of Limon for export. […]