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Coffee Roasting

Light roast.
-Light brown in color.
-Light body.
-No oil on the surface.

Medium roast.
-Medium brown in color.
-More body than light roast.
-No oil on the surface.

Dark roast.
-Dark brown in color.
-More body than medium roast.
-Sheen of oil on the surface.

Figure 1. Coffee roasted
Lokker, B. (2017). Coffee roasting explained. Retrieved March 23, 2021, from Webmaster website: 

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Cartago, Costa Rica.

Cartago was founded in 1563 by Juan Vasquez de Coronado, it was the first successful establishment in Costa Rica.

Figure 1 Basílica de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles

Many people come to Cartago annually, to visit the nation’s principal church, the enormous Basílica de los Ángeles, on the feast day of the Virgin of the Angels on August 2nd.

Agricultural products make up the base of the economy of the rural areas around the city, also Cartago is home of the Costa Rica Institute of Technology, one of the most prestigious higher education institutions in the country.

Parker, J. (2017). How Cartago became a national monument in Costa Rica . Retrieved September 4, 2020, from Webmaster website: 
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Santa Rosa, the 14 minutes battle.

On March 20, 1856, some 400 mercenaries from the U.S., Germany and France arrived at Hacienda Santa Rosa in northwest Guanacaste.

Figure 1 William Walker

On March 1, Costa Rica declared war on the new regime in Nicaragua, now run by a thin 32-year-old born in Nashville, Wlliam Walker.

The Costa Rican battle plan was simple, ancient and ruthless: Surround the enemy and attack from the front, left and right, with men lying in wait in the rear to kill or capture those who fled.

Kahler, K. (2015). The Story  Santa Rosa: Costa Rica’s stunning 1856 victory in 14-minute battle . Retrieved December 12, 2019, from Webmaster website: 

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Cocos island national park.

This beautiful place was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.

Figure 1 Cocos island

The national park was created in 1978 to protect the unique ecological diversity and habitats that the site provides for marine wildlife, including pelagic species such as sharks.

Figure 2 Informative sign at the national park
(2019). Isla del Cocos National Park. Retrieved November 19, 2019, from Webmaster website: 

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The coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Costa Rica is beautiful and elaborate, it was created in 1848 and includes seven stars representing the seven provinces of Costa Rica: Guanacaste, Puntarenas, Heredia, Alajuela, Limón, San José and Cartago.

Figure 1 The coat of arms of Costa Rica

We can also see three volcano peaks, the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, a rising sun at the background that shows prosperity, a merchant ship to represent the exchange that Costa Rica does with the rest of the world, two branches of myrtle for peace and two banners, the blue one says ” América Central” ​​and the white one says ” República de Costa Rica”.

(2010). Costa Rica National Emblem. Retrieved October 2, 2019, from Webmaster website:
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The Flag of Costa Rica.

Costa Rica was part of the Federal Republic of Central America until it had unofficially dissolved by 1841. The blue, white and red horizontal stripes was it officially adopted in 1906 as the official flag of Costa Rica. The flag seen with the national shield displayed on the red stripe is called “Pabellón”.

Figure 1 The flag of Costa Rica

Costa Rica Ideals.

Red: the warmth of Costa Rican people.
Blue: means the sky, opportunities and intellectual thinking.
White: means happiness, wisdom, power and beauty of the sky.

(2018). The Costa Rica National Flag. Retrieved May 15, 2019, from Webmaster website:
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The Tradition of Oxcarts in Costa Rica.

The Spanish colonizers brought the oxcarts to Costa Rica to be used on transportation and farm work, since 1840 oxcarts were used to transport coffee beans, sugar cane, corn and other goods from Costa Rica’s Central Valley over the mountains to the Pacific Coast port of Puntarenas or the Caribbean port of Limon for export.  

Figure 1 Oxcart in Costa Rica

In Costa Rica Oxcarts are famous for their bright colors and rich decorations, the designs and colors in the decorations are based on Costa Rican plants and flowers. Oxcarts in Costa Rica are still strong symbols of the country’s rural past and still feature prominently in parades, festivals, and other celebrations.

Figure 2 Oxcart painter Carlos Chaverri, 1965

Although trucks, tractors and other motorized vehicles have mostly replaced oxcarts in Costa Rica in everyday life, some farmers still stick to the old ways by using them during harvest season or when places are too rough for modern vehicles (Farley, 2018).

Farley, S. (2018). The Story Behind the Tradition of Oxcarts in Costa Rica. Retrieved March 26, 2019, from Webmaster website: