Cartago was founded in 1563 by Juan Vasquez de Coronado, it was the first successful establishment in Costa Rica.
Many people come to Cartago annually, to visit the nation’s principal church, the enormous Basílica de los Ángeles, on the feast day of the Virgin of the Angels on August 2nd.
Agricultural products make up the base of the economy of the rural areas around the city, also Cartago is home of the Costa Rica Institute of Technology, one of the most prestigious higher education institutions in the country.
The coat of arms of Costa Rica is beautiful and elaborate, it was created in 1848 and includes seven stars representing the seven provinces of Costa Rica: Guanacaste, Puntarenas, Heredia, Alajuela, Limón, San José and Cartago.
We can also see three volcano peaks, the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, a rising sun at the background that shows prosperity, a merchant ship to represent the exchange that Costa Rica does with the rest of the world, two branches of myrtle for peace and two banners, the blue one says ” América Central” and the white one says ” República de Costa Rica”.
Costa Rica was part of the Federal Republic of Central America until it had unofficially dissolved by 1841. The blue, white and red horizontal stripes was it officially adopted in 1906 as the official flag of Costa Rica. The flag seen with the national shield displayed on the red stripe is called “Pabellón”.
Costa Rica Ideals.
Red: the warmth of Costa Rican people. Blue: means the sky, opportunities and intellectual thinking. White: means happiness, wisdom, power and beauty of the sky.
The Spanish colonizers brought the oxcarts to Costa Rica to be used on transportation and farm work, since 1840 oxcarts were used to transport coffee beans, sugar cane, corn and other goods from Costa Rica’s Central Valley over the mountains to the Pacific Coast port of Puntarenas or the Caribbean port of Limon for export.
In Costa Rica Oxcarts are famous for their bright colors and rich decorations, the designs and colors in the decorations are based on Costa Rican plants and flowers. Oxcarts in Costa Rica are still strong symbols of the country’s rural past and still feature prominently in parades, festivals, and other celebrations.
Although trucks, tractors and other motorized vehicles have mostly replaced oxcarts in Costa Rica in everyday life, some farmers still stick to the old ways by using them during harvest season or when places are too rough for modern vehicles (Farley, 2018).